Standard: We're all familiar with a standard sewing pattern. By this I mean a full-sized, cut it out and lay on your fabric pattern. These were made popular by the big 4 pattern companies over the last 100 or so years but they have become so standard that many have never heard of other types of patterns at all.
For example, this reproduction of a 1920's McCall's standard pattern:
But what else is available today and throughout history to the average seamstress?